Name: Common Alder
Scientific name: Alnus glutinosa
Irish name: Fearnóg
Provence: Native to Ireland
Leaf/Needle: Deciduous leaf / Simple leaf
Height: 25 meters
Flowering: Between February and April
Seed dispersal: Wind and water
Value to wildlife: High
Veneers, plywood, charcoal and gunpowder. High ability to withstand rot beneath water, so it was used for sluice gates and under water piles. Most of Venice is built on alder piles. Alder was also used to make clogs as the wood. Alder is a poor conductor of heat.
It was said alder was an unlucky tree and to avoid passing one when on a . journey (which would have been extremely difficult in old Ireland).
Ogham letter Fern (Alder) F
3rd consonant of the Ogham alphabet
4th month of the Ogham tree calendar
Classification in early Irish law:
Aithig fedo (commoner of the wood)
Penalty for cutting one down, one milk cow!