Scientific name: Corylus avellane
Irish name: Coll
Leaf/Needle: Deciduous leaf/Simple leaf
Height: 8 meters
Flowering: The yellow male catkins open in winter/early spring (lamb’s tails), the female flower follows, it is like a small bud with a red style.
Seed dispersal: Mammals, Birds
Value to wildlife: High
Weaving, hurdles, pea and bean poles, water divining
Hazel stick will protect you fairies and evil spirits, it has blessed powers. It was also used as a wand and the nuts were said to have mystical powers.
Ogham letter Coll (hazel) C
9th consonant of the Ogham alphabet
11th month of the Ogham tree calendar
Classification in Early Irish law:
Airig fedo (Noble of the wood)
Penalty for cutting down a Noble of the wood, two and a half milk cows