Name: Pedunculate Oak (also known as English Oak)

Scientific name: Quercus robur

Irish name: Dair ghaelach

Provenance: Native

Family: Fagaceae

Leaf/Needle: Deciduous leaf/Simple leaf

Growth: Slow

Height: 40 meters

Flowering: When 1st leaves appear in spring

Pollination: Wind

Seed dispersal: Mammals and birds

Value to wildlife: High

Timber use: Construction, barrels, ships, furniture, firewood, floors.

Mythology: Oak was one of the more sacred trees to the druids

Ogham Alphabet:

Ogham letter Dair (oak) D
7th consonant of the Ogham alphabet
9th month of the Ogham tree calendar

Classification in early Irish law:
Airig fedo (Noble of the wood)
Penalty for cutting one down, two and a half milk cows!